4000 BC -
Sumerians arrive in Mesopotamia.
3800 BC -
Sumerians supplant Ubaidians in Mesopotamia and start cities.
2800 BC -
Kish, the dominant city, challenged by Lagash; Semites dominate Kish.
2700 BC -
Sumerian King, Gilgamesh, rules the city of Uruk.
2340 BC -
Sargon (a Sumerian in the city of Kish) overthrows the Sumerian king of
Nippur. Sargon's new kingdom is called Akkad; Sargon extends his kingdom to
2320 BC -
Sargon conquers Sumer.
Akkadian dynasty ends.
2150 BC -
Nomadic Gutians overruns Akkadians and Sumer, but Sumer revives.
2130 BC -
Sumer regains independence from Akkadian rule.
2000 BC -
Hittites migrate to Asia Minor.
1950 BC -
Elamites from Zagros attack Sumer. They overrun the Syrian Amorites.
Amorites go to Babylon to create colonies with Ashur as center of a kingdom
that will be called Assyria.
1753 BC -
Ammorite King Hammurabi conquers all of Sumer. Hammurabi rules to 1750BC. His
empire lasts until 1600BC, when the Kassites conquer most of Mesopotamia.
Kassites defeat the Babylonians.
1593 BC -
Hittites sack Babylon and end Hammurabi's dynasty.
1365 BC -
Ashur the Great, King of Assyria marries his daughter to a Babylonian.
1300 BC -The
Assyrians control all of Mesopotamia.
1200 BC -
Hittites' capital Hattusas is wiped out (plague); Phrygians move in.
1000 BC -